Category Archives: Alzheimer’s/Dementia

Sticking It To Alzheimer’s

Despite the funny annotation in the title, Alzheimer’s disease is a serious matter and it affects millions of Americans each year. In fact half a million Americans a year die because they have Alzheimer’s. The even more startling fact is that every 67 seconds an American develops Alzheimer’s. [1] With those scary facts, wouldn’t we want to do everything we can to prevent the disease?

shutterstock_34760188First Thing First: Getting Your Genome Sequenced or Have a Conversation

If you aren’t familiar with your family medical history because you may be adopted, orphaned, or other reasons consider getting your genome sequenced. What does that mean? This means that you can send you DNA to scientists and they can tell you if you may be predisposed to getting certain diseases or cancers, and although this isn’t a crystal ball of what is to happen for sure, it can certainly be a stepping stone to assist you with preventing the worst. Even if you are completely healthy, getting your genome sequenced can be informative. Downsides are of course nothing is for certain and the price can be expensive, however it may be worth splurging a little to save yourself from many future health problems. If you click on the links below you can order a kit and can read more about the Human Genome Project.

Order a DNA Sequencing Kit http://www.eurofinsgenomics.com/en/products/dna-sequencing/overnight-sequencing.aspx#tabs-1875

Read More about the Human Genome Project http://web.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/index.shtml

If you are lucky enough to have your entire family history on file or close family members near you it’s time to have a conversation about your family medical history. Ask specifically about Alzheimer’s disease. If you have children, getting your child’s other parent’s family medical history can save time for your child and be extremely helpful in their future. You may not always remember that when your child was born that your spouse’s Uncle Bob had Alzheimer’s disease. Keep a journal of family medical history while it’s happening can help in cases of emergencies and will assist when you have to fill out that pesky paperwork at the doctor’s office.

If Your Unlucky

If you’re unlucky enough to have Alzheimer’s disease run in your family, don’t fret. Research has shown that there are things you can do to assist in the prolonging of symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

  1. Vitamin E. Yep taking this over the counter vitamin can help prevent and ease mild Alzheimer’s disease. There are also other great benefits to taking Vitamin E, including beautiful skin. Foods high in Vitamin E such as Spinach, Broccoli, Eggs and Almonds are a great way to get your daily dose as well. Be careful as to not take too much Vitamin E, as this may be bad. [2]
  2. Studies have shown that people carrying the gene who did not exercise shown their hippocampus shrunk by 3 percent on average. 3% might not be much but I wouldn’t want to lose any. “…the brains of physically active volunteers at high risk for Alzheimer’s disease looked just like the brains of people at much lower risk for the disease, said Stephen M. Rao, a professor at the Schey Center for Cognitive Neuroimaging at the Cleveland Clinic, who oversaw the study .“ So take out those sweat pants and make the best of this upcoming spring! [3]
  3. Light alcohol consumption. If you’re over 60 and have no signs of Dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, light alcohol consumption can help improve memory. “Researchers from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, University of Kentucky, and University of Maryland found that for people 60 and older who do not have dementia, light alcohol consumption during late life is associated with higher episodic memory — the ability to recall memories of events.” [4] Keep in mind that red wine is extremely good for you in moderation, its heart healthy and may help fight cavities. [5]
  4. Avoiding too much alcohol. If you’re still lucky enough to be younger than 60, make sure you don’t go overboard with your alcohol consumption. “A study published in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry indicates that middle-aged adults with a history of problem drinking are more than twice as likely to suffer from severe memory impairment in later life.” [6]
  5. Avoiding Fried Foods & BBQ Meats. We all know fried foods are bad for you, now there is research that fried food & BBQ Meats could be aging you and impairing your cognitive function. “At high levels they can damage both cells themselves or nucleic acids, and they can trigger inflammation,” Vlassara said. “The whole process can lead eventually over time to a wide range of diseases, from prediabetes to cardiovascular disease, to kidney disease and neurological disease.” [7]

Though you may still get Alzheimer’s disease if you are predisposed to, you may be able to hold out as long as possible.

[1] http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_facts_and_figures.asp

[2] http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/270708.php

[3] http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/07/02/can-exercise-reduce-alzheimers-risk/?_r=0

[4] http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/10/141023092031.htm

[5] http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/05/140521133617.htm

[6] http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140729224949.htm

[7] http://www.foxnews.com/health/2014/02/25/fried-barbecued-meats-may-increase-alzheimer-risk/

-Written by Valerie Michel Buck

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Surviving Dementia through Laughter

Mark Twain wrote, “The human race has one really effective weapon, and that is laughter. Against the assault of laughter, nothing can stand.”

Professionals across the medical field agree that laughter is an effective medicine. It’s been shown to improve connections with others, increase blood flow to protect the heart, boost immune cells to fight infection, decrease stress through the discharging of physical and emotional tension, and trigger release of endorphins to relieve pain. But can the effects of laughter extend beyond the basic health benefits? Could it be used as a treatment for even the most devastating and incurable diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s?

Debbie Harbinson, a certified laughter leader and outreach program manager at Banner Alzheimer’s Institute, wrote: “For those with dementia, laughter can be instrumental in diffusing conflict and expelling the negative energy that so often causes them to retreat.” To further prove this theory, a group of humor therapists in New South Wales started the SMILE study. Over the course of three years, these humor therapists worked on 400 dementia-stricken people and found a twenty percent reduction in the patients’ agitated behavior like wandering, screaming, and aggression.

Speaking about the results of the study, Anne-Marie Botek from AgingCare.com said, “Laughter may be just as effective as antipsychotic medications for reducing anxiety in elderly people with dementia.” Part of the SMILE study was conducted in Summit Care nursing where the owner, Barry Cowling, said that because of the humor therapy they were able to reduce psychotropic drugs or even have some of the patients come off of psychotropic drugs completely. “We had a woman who was totally non-verbal who started to have conversations with staff and her family,” Cowling said. The effects of the laughter therapy had reduced aggression and depression so well that Cowling and many other nursing homes made the laughter therapy permanent after the study.

There’s no refuting the effect and change that laughter can have in dementia patients, but it’s still not a cure. Dementia and other more serious diseases such as Alzheimer’s are difficult living with but even more difficult to experience as a caregiver or family member watching your loved one dissipate and forget who you are. As with many difficult situations in life, laughter can be used to help you and your loved ones view dementia in a new light. Laughter in these cases should not only be used to benefit the patient but should also be utilized by caregivers and family members who are also suffering.

Bill Cosby said, “Through humor, you can soften some of the worst blows that life delivers. And once you find laughter, no matter how painful your situation might be, you can survive it.” Sometimes it’s hard to see the end to the pain and we feel like we’re just trudging through from one day to the next, hoping somehow tomorrow will look brighter. It won’t. Not unless we do something about it.

People with dementia can sense the stress and unhappiness in those around them. You have a duty not only to yourself but to your loved ones to try to make the situation and environment as cheerful as possible. Gary LeBlanc talks about his experience learning to accept laughter as a caregiver for someone with Alzhiemer’s disease. He said:

“There is no doubt that there’s heartbreak and despair in watching your loved one dissipate. I would suggest that you keep your environment as cheerful as possible.

I know that some of you are shaking your heads and asking, “How?” Well, take it from a veteran; throughout the decade I spent caring for my dad and searching for ways to cope, I discovered laughter is the best medicine.”

As a caregiver, take advantage of free moments when your loved one is resting or otherwise engaged. Don’t spend this time alone wallowing in your thoughts of the future and allowing yourself to sink deeper into grief and depression. Don’t spend this time watching a movie that makes you cry or reading a book that only dampens your spirits. Find ways to laugh. Spend time with people who are more easily optimistic or in a better situation than you and can help you see the silver lining. Watch movies and read books that are humorous and take your mind of the situation.

Keep things in perspective. You won’t be a caregiver forever, and the world doesn’t revolve around you. Thousands of others across the globe are suffering with dementia whether they have the disease themselves or are affected through someone they love. Find healthy ways to deal with stress and depression. If that means you need to take medication, see a therapist, or simply go running more often, find what works for you. Look at what you do have, the small, almost unnoticeable blessings that make life worth it. Focus on those. Focus on love. As a caregiver or a family member, you are suffering because your loved one is suffering. Instead of focusing on the suffering, focus on how much you care about them and spend as much meaningful time with them as possible.

But above all, remember to laugh. Find a way, find a moment, and laugh every single day. As caregiver Gary LeBlanc said, “If I’m going to hurt, I’d rather have the pain be caused by laughing too hard. Throughout our caregiving journeys we deal with enough doom and gloom. Try to bring some sunshine and humor into your life. Never forget to laugh.”

In addition to helping yourself and the environment stay cheerful, you can find moments to laugh with your loved one. Depending on the stage of dementia your loved one is in, you may want to be more careful about telling a joke that could offend them because they don’t understand. For those with mild to moderate dementia, blatant, obvious, slapstick humor works best as they won’t get as easily confused.

For those with advanced or late-stage dementia, play games like you would with a child, tossing a ball back and forth and laughing when you miss catching it. Read silly books and make funny sounds. At this stage they may not specifically smile or laugh with you, but the enjoyment will still have a positive impact.

Whether you’re laughing on your own or with your loved one, make laughter a priority. It may seem cliché to say that ‘laughter is the best medicine.’ But it has been proven time and time again to improve health, both physical and emotional. Life is much better as we laugh through it. As William Shakespeare said, “With mirth and laughter let old wrinkles come.”

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